Retrospective 158 critically ill patients receiving vitamin C and propensity matched controls, showing mortality OR 0.77 [0.48-1.23], and statistically significantly lower thrombosis, OR 0.42 [0.18-0.94]. 1000mg of vitamin C was given daily.
Al Sulaiman et al., 4/2/2021, retrospective, propensity score matching, Saudi Arabia, Middle East, preprint, 12 authors.
risk of death, 14.9% lower, RR 0.85, p = 0.27, treatment 46 of 142 (32.4%), control 59 of 142 (41.5%), odds ratio converted to relative risk, PSM.
Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules
prioritizing more serious outcomes. For an individual study the most serious
outcome may have a smaller number of events and lower statistical signficance,
however this provides the strongest evidence for the most serious outcomes
when combining the results of many trials.