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00.250.50.7511.251.51.752+Thomas (RCT)18%0.82 [0.23-2.91]recov. time4850Improvement, RR [CI]TreatmentControlTau​2 = 0.00; I​2 = 0.0%Early treatment18%0.82 [0.23-2.91]0/480/5018% improvementZhang (RCT)50%0.50 [0.20-1.80]death6/2711/29Improvement, RR [CI]TreatmentControlPatel29%0.71 [0.43-1.14]death22/9626/80Kumari (RCT)36%0.64 [0.26-1.55]death7/7511/75JamaliMog.. (RCT)0%1.00 [0.22-4.56]death3/303/30Gao86%0.14 [0.03-0.72]death1/465/30Hamidi-Ala.. (RCT)44%0.56 [0.20-1.51]death5/409/40CT​1Al Sulaiman15%0.85 [0.61-1.12]death46/14259/142Hakamifard (RCT)46%0.54 [0.14-2.08]ICU3/385/34CT​1Tau​2 = 0.00; I​2 = 0.0%Late treatment27%0.73 [0.59-0.92]93/494129/46027% improvementBehera10%0.90 [0.63-1.21]cases29/67157/305Improvement, RR [CI]TreatmentControlTau​2 = 0.00; I​2 = 0.0%PrEP10%0.90 [0.63-1.21]29/67157/30510% improvementAll studies21%0.79 [0.66-0.95]122/609286/81521% improvement10 vitamin C COVID-19 studiesc19vitaminc.com 6/19/211 CT: study uses combined treatmentTau​2 = 0.00; I​2 = 0.0%; Z = 2.57 (p = 0.0051)Lower RiskIncreased Risk 00.250.50.7511.251.51.752+Zhang (RCT)50%0.50 [0.20-1.80]6/2711/29Improvement, RR [CI]TreatmentControlPatel29%0.71 [0.43-1.14]22/9626/80Kumari (RCT)36%0.64 [0.26-1.55]7/7511/75JamaliMog.. (RCT)0%1.00 [0.22-4.56]3/303/30Gao86%0.14 [0.03-0.72]1/465/30Hamidi-Ala.. (RCT)44%0.56 [0.20-1.51]5/409/40CT​1Al Sulaiman15%0.85 [0.61-1.12]46/14259/142Tau​2 = 0.00; I​2 = 0.0%Late treatment26%0.74 [0.59-0.93]90/456124/42626% improvementAll studies26%0.74 [0.59-0.93]90/456124/42626% improvement7 vitamin C COVID-19 mortality resultsc19vitaminc.com 6/19/211 CT: study uses combined treatmentTau​2 = 0.00; I​2 = 0.0%; Z = 2.58 (p = 0.0049)Lower RiskIncreased Risk 00.250.50.7511.251.51.752+Hakamifard (RCT)46%0.54 [0.14-2.08]3/385/34CT​1Improvement, RR [CI]TreatmentControlTau​2 = 0.00; I​2 = 0.0%Late treatment46%0.54 [0.14-2.08]3/385/3446% improvementAll studies46%0.54 [0.14-2.08]3/385/3446% improvement1 vitamin C COVID-19 ICU resultc19vitaminc.com 6/19/211 CT: study uses combined treatmentTau​2 = 0.00; I​2 = 0.0%; Z = 0.90 (p = 0.18)Lower RiskIncreased Risk 00.250.50.7511.251.51.752+Kumari (RCT)24%0.76 [0.65-0.88]hosp. time7575Improvement, RR [CI]TreatmentControlJamaliMog.. (RCT)-31%1.31 [0.99-1.72]hosp. time3030Hamidi-Ala.. (RCT)38%0.62 [0.44-0.88]hosp. time4040CT​1Hakamifard (RCT)1%0.99 [0.97-1.01]hosp. time3834CT​1Tau​2 = 0.04; I​2 = 87.1%Late treatment10%0.90 [0.72-1.12]0/1830/17910% improvementAll studies10%0.90 [0.72-1.12]0/1830/17910% improvement4 vitamin C COVID-19 hospitalization resultsc19vitaminc.com 6/19/211 CT: study uses combined treatmentTau​2 = 0.04; I​2 = 87.1%; Z = 0.96 (p = 0.17)Lower RiskIncreased Risk 00.250.50.7511.251.51.752+Behera10%0.90 [0.63-1.21]29/67157/305Improvement, RR [CI]TreatmentControlTau​2 = 0.00; I​2 = 0.0%PrEP10%0.90 [0.63-1.21]29/67157/30510% improvementAll studies10%0.90 [0.67-1.21]29/67157/30510% improvement1 vitamin C COVID-19 case resultc19vitaminc.com 6/19/21Tau​2 = 0.00; I​2 = 0.0%; Z = 0.67 (p = 0.25)Lower RiskIncreased Risk 00.250.50.7511.251.51.752+Zhang (RCT)50%0.50 [0.20-1.80]death6/2711/29Improvement, RR [CI]TreatmentControlPatel29%0.71 [0.43-1.14]death22/9626/80Kumari (RCT)36%0.64 [0.26-1.55]death7/7511/75JamaliMog.. (RCT)0%1.00 [0.22-4.56]death3/303/30Gao86%0.14 [0.03-0.72]death1/465/30Hamidi-Ala.. (RCT)44%0.56 [0.20-1.51]death5/409/40CT​1Al Sulaiman15%0.85 [0.61-1.12]death46/14259/142Hakamifard (RCT)46%0.54 [0.14-2.08]ICU3/385/34CT​1Tau​2 = 0.00; I​2 = 0.0%Late treatment27%0.73 [0.59-0.92]93/494129/46027% improvementAll studies27%0.73 [0.59-0.92]93/494129/46027% improvement8 vitamin C COVID-19 serious outcomesc19vitaminc.com 6/19/211 CT: study uses combined treatmentTau​2 = 0.00; I​2 = 0.0%; Z = 2.69 (p = 0.0035)Lower RiskIncreased Risk 00.250.50.7511.251.51.752+Thomas (RCT)18%0.82 [0.23-2.91]recov. time4850Improvement, RR [CI]TreatmentControlZhang (RCT)50%0.50 [0.20-1.80]death6/2711/29Zhang (RCT)70%0.30 [0.10-1.10]death5/2710/29Patel29%0.71 [0.43-1.14]death22/9626/80Patel16%0.84 [0.52-1.36]death15/3016/27Kumari (RCT)36%0.64 [0.26-1.55]death7/7511/75Kumari (RCT)20%0.80 [0.40-1.59]ventilation12/7515/75Kumari (RCT)26%0.74 [0.63-0.87]recov. time7575Kumari (RCT)24%0.76 [0.65-0.88]hosp. time7575JamaliMog.. (RCT)0%1.00 [0.22-4.56]death3/303/30JamaliMog.. (RCT)-25%1.25 [0.37-4.21]ventilation5/304/30JamaliMog.. (RCT)-31%1.31 [0.99-1.72]hosp. time3030Gao86%0.14 [0.03-0.72]death1/465/30Hamidi-Ala.. (RCT)44%0.56 [0.20-1.51]death5/409/40CT​1Hamidi-Ala.. (RCT)38%0.62 [0.44-0.88]hosp. time4040CT​1Al Sulaiman15%0.85 [0.61-1.12]death46/14259/142Hakamifard (RCT)46%0.54 [0.14-2.08]ICU3/385/34CT​1Hakamifard (RCT)1%0.99 [0.97-1.01]hosp. time3834CT​1Behera10%0.90 [0.63-1.21]cases29/67157/305Behera17%0.83 [0.58-1.11]cases29/67157/305vitamin C COVID-19 outcomesc19vitaminc.com 6/19/21Lower RiskIncreased Risk
Please send us corrections, updates, or comments. Vaccines and treatments are both extremely valuable and complementary. All practical, effective, and safe means should be used. Elimination of COVID-19 is a race against viral evolution. No treatment, vaccine, or intervention is 100% available and effective for all current and future variants. Denying the efficacy of any method increases the risk of COVID-19 becoming endemic; and increases mortality, morbidity, and collateral damage. We do not provide medical advice. Before taking any medication, consult a qualified physician who can provide personalized advice and details of risks and benefits based on your medical history and situation. Treatment protocols for physicians are available from the FLCCC.
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